isBalanced {nlme}R Documentation

Check a Design for Balance


Check the design of the experiment or study for balance.


isBalanced(object, countOnly, level)


object A groupedData object containing a data frame and a formula that describes the roles of variables in the data frame. The object will have one or more nested grouping factors and a primary covariate.
countOnly A logical value indicating if the check for balance should only consider the number of observations at each level of the grouping factor(s). Defaults to FALSE.
level an optional integer vector specifying the desired prediction levels. Levels increase from outermost to innermost grouping, with level 0 representing the population (fixed effects) predictions. Defaults to the innermost level.


A design is balanced with respect to the grouping factor(s) if there are the same number of observations at each distinct value of the grouping factor or each combination of distinct levels of the nested grouping factors. If countOnly is FALSE the design is also checked for balance with respect to the primary covariate, which is often the time of the observation. A design is balanced with respect to the grouping factor and the covariate if the number of observations at each distinct level (or combination of levels for nested factors) is constant and the times at which the observations are taken (in general, the values of the primary covariates) also are constant.


TRUE or FALSE according to whether the data are balanced or not


Jose Pinheiro and Douglas Bates

See Also

table, groupedData


isBalanced(Orthodont)                    # should return TRUE
isBalanced(Orthodont, countOnly = TRUE)  # should return TRUE
isBalanced(Pixel)                        # should return FALSE
isBalanced(Pixel, level = 1)             # should return FALSE

[Package nlme version 3.1-57 Index]