Variogram.default {nlme}R Documentation

Calculate Semi-variogram


This method function calculates the semi-variogram for an arbitrary vector object, according to the distances in distance. For each pair of elements x,y in object, the corresponding semi-variogram is (x-y)^2/2. The semi-variogram is useful for identifying and modeling spatial correlation structures in observations with constant expectation and constant variance.


## Default S3 method:
Variogram(object, distance, ...)


object a numeric vector with the values to be used for calculating the semi-variogram, usually a residual vector from a fitted model.
distance a numeric vector with the pairwise distances corresponding to the elements of object. The order of the elements in distance must correspond to the pairs (1,2), (1,3), ..., (n-1,n), with n representing the length of object, and must have length n(n-1)/2.
... some methods for this generic require additional arguments. None are used in this method.


a data frame with columns variog and dist representing, respectively, the semi-variogram values and the corresponding distances. The returned value inherits from class Variogram.


Jose Pinheiro and Douglas Bates


Cressie, N.A.C. (1993), "Statistics for Spatial Data", J. Wiley & Sons.

See Also

Variogram.gls, Variogram.lme, plot.Variogram


## Not run: 
fm1 <- lm(follicles ~ sin(2 * pi * Time) + cos(2 * pi * Time), Ovary,
          subset = Mare == 1)
Variogram(resid(fm1), dist(1:29))[1:10,]
## End(Not run)

[Package nlme version 3.1-57 Index]